Posted by John Nichols on August 14, 2020 at 09:40:21 user Mcneacail.
In Reply to: Re: Lucknow posted by John Nichols on August 14, 2020 at 09:35:49:
The first Opium War (1839–42) was fought between China and Britain, and the second Opium War (1856–60), also known as the Arrow War or the Anglo-French War in China, was fought by Britain and France against China. In each case the foreign powers were victorious and gained commercial privileges and legal and territorial concessions in China. The conflicts marked the start of the era of unequal treaties and other inroads on Qing sovereignty that helped weaken and ultimately topple the dynasty in favour of republican China in the early 20th century.
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